2010-05-19 | 【翻译】帮忙译论文摘要
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前阵子,一同事写论文,要求有英文版摘要,让我给帮帮忙,久不碰外语的我又得到了一次难得的『复习机会』~

现将原文译文贴在这里,望能得到英语爱好者的指正。

执政能力建设是我党执政后的一项根本性任务,也是一个庞大的系统工程。
The construction of governance ability has been a fundamental task since our Party came to power, which is also a tremendous system project.

执政能力问题,涉及到许多方面,其中,从事治国理政具体事务的各级领导者的素质与能力建设是重要的组成部分,他们的素质与能力直接关系到社会的发展与进步,人民的幸福与安康,直接表现为党执政能力的强弱。
Questions of governance ability are relation to many aspects. Among them, the personal qualities and capabilities of leaders who work on national governance at all levels are the most essential parts. Their qualities and capabilities affect directly the social development and people's well-being. And the most direct representation is the strength degree of our Party's governance ability.

所以要想成为一名优秀的领导必须具备较强的心理素质与自身的修养。Therefore, one must have quite good psychological diathesis and personal cultures if he wants to be an excellent leader.

因为决策失误的原因不仅与领导自身有关,还受其他客观因素,比如个性特征、教育经历、家庭背景、工作经验及社会文化、组织文化、信息偏差等因素的影响。That is to say, reasons of policy failure are not only the leaders themselves, but also some other objective factors, such as personality characteristics, education experience, family background, job experience, social knowledge, organization culture, information bias, etc.

这些因素可能会导致领导在工作决策中,过分依赖经验、主观判断、和超度理性分析等而造成决策失误。
These factors may result in policy failures during decision-making process because leaders are over-reliance on individual experience, subjective judgment, and hyper-rational analysis.

特别是在改革开放和发展社会主义市场经济的过程中,各项行政管理工作出现了许多新情况和新矛盾,使决策面临的问题和任务更加复杂艰巨,更需要领导者提高决策能力。
During the reform and open up and development of the socialist market economy, lots of new situations and contradictions have arisen in administrative management. The decision-makers face more complicated and difficult problems and tasks, which need the leaders improve their decision-making capacities.

 

 

就业是民生之本,就业问题是我国的重要问题。
Employment is the basic of the people's livelihood. And the problem of employment is an important problem in our country.

大学生是宝贵的人力资源,有较高的专业素质和能力,他们的就业关系到我国的发展进程,关系到全面建设小康社会的进程及中华民族的伟大复兴。
University students are valuable human resources, who have better professional qualities and abilities. Their employments concern the development process of our country, the process of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, and the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

因此政府应该采取措施妥善安排大学生就业。
Therefore, the government should take steps to arrange appropriately university students' employment.

本文第一章从政府在大学生就业中的理论依据、职责定位等方面阐述就业政策基本理论。
Chapter one of this article explains the basic theory of employment policies such as government's theory evidence and responsibility positioning of university students’ employment.

第二章从政策演变和就业政策内容上,对我国促进大学生就业政策现状进行分析,对就业政策分别从供给促进、需求促进和供给匹配促进三方面进行归纳梳理。
In chapter two, on evolution and contents of the employment policies, the article analyses the status quo of government's promoting university students' employment policies, and summarizes the employment policies by three aspects (promoting supply, promoting demand, and promoting supply matching).

第三章从政策本身、政策存在环境和政策执行三方面分析政策存在的问题及缘由。 Chapter three analyses the problems and causes of the policies by means of probing into the policy itself, the policy environment, and the policy implementation.

第四章针对政府促进大学生就业政策执行过程中发现的问题,从加强政府调控力度、建设全面服务体系,及落实各级政策等方面对促进大学生就业政策的制定实施提出了建议。
In the last chapter, for the sake of solving problems found in the course of government's implementation of promoting university students' employment policies, the article gives suggestions on the following aspects: strengthening government's degree of control, establishing a total-service system, implementing policies at all levels, etc.

 

2010-5-19

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